This is the week of your last menstrual period. The first day of bleeding is considered the official date of pregnancy and the 40 weeks of pregnancy are calculated by this date. Use the Due Date Calculator at Robyns Nest to determine your due date.
The uterus is forming a blood rich lining that is called the endometrium. This will thicken, upon fertilization, to form a sack strong enough to carry and cushion your baby throughout the entire pregnancy. At the same time, in one of the ovaries, the eggs ripen in fluid filled sacs called follicles.
Around the 14th day, one of the eggs travels down into the fallopian tube. This is ovulation. If in the next 24 hours one of the 350 million sperm in the average ejaculate can get all the way from the vagina through the uterus and into the fallopian tube to penetrate the egg, the egg will become fertilized. Sperm can live for up to 5 days in this environment, therefore making pregnancy possible for up to 5 days after intercourse. The fertilized egg immediately begins dividing and floats down into the uterus. The sex of your baby is predetermined by the fathers sperm chromosomes.
By the end of this week, you will have missed a period. The cluster of cells that was once an egg splits into two. One half attaches itself to the uterine wall and becomes the placenta (the placenta will feed and nourish the baby). The other half will become the fetus. You may begin experiencing some of the Signs of Pregnancy.
The fetus cell cluster is about the size of an apple seed and has now become an embryo. The placenta and umbilical cord are now functioning. You may be experiencing the Signs of Pregnancy now. A home test will verify your suspicions. Now is the time to schedule your first obstetrical appointment. Weeks 5-10 are critical to babys development even though your tummy is still flat.
The fetus has a beating heart now. Other major organs are developing now too. The kidneys, liver, and neural tube (which connects the spinal cord and brain). You may begin to experience nausea, fatigue, and sore breasts.
The embryo is now the size of a raspberry. Its head is large and dark spots have appeared which will become the eyes and nose. The arm and leg buds begin to show themselves, as do the ears.
Webbed fingers and toes emerge. Your uterus is now about the size of a peach.
Week 9 Your uterus is now about the size of a tennis ball. It is still low in the pelvis and presses against your bladder causing the need to urinate more frequently. The fetus is constantly in motion, although you will not feel it yet. You will notice that your bras no longer fit. Time to purchase some new ones.
The fetus now resembles a shrimp with its large head and disproportionately small body. The genitals have begun to form. The heartbeat may be heard after either the 10th or 11th week by a special stethoscope.
The fetus weighs about 1/2 ounce now. The doctor should be able to hear the rapid heartbeat of your baby by using a special stethoscope now. Vital organs are developing and your baby is forming tiny fingernails and hair.
The fetus kidneys have formed and the baby will start to pass urine into the amniotic fluid that surrounds him in the uterus. The eyelids have developed. Toothbuds are forming along with the vocal cords. The fetus now begins to bend and stretch, moving its arms and legs, making fists, opening hands and lifting its head. You will not feel these movements for quite some time. The chance of miscarriage has been greatly reduced after 12 weeks.
The fetus is constantly moving around, safely cushioned by the amniotic fluid. Although you still do not feel these movements, the baby is exercising as he grows. The chance of miscarriage is greatly reduced after 12 weeks.
Facial feature and fingerprints have now formed. The fetus is about 3-4 inches long now.
An ultrasound scan is usually performed in the 15th or 16th week. You will be delighted to see your babys entire body, beating heart, and the ultrasound tech or your doctor will be able to tell you the sex of your baby.
By now, the main organs in the babys body are formed. The amniotic fluid, the placenta and the surrounding membranes sustain his life. The babys environment sustains the perfect temperature regardless of the weather outside. However, avoiding high temperatures like a hot tub or sauna is recommended. Extreme heat may cause the mother palpitations.
Any nausea you may have experienced in the first 3-4 months has subsided now. You are feeling new energy and quite fit. The baby is now inhaling and exhaling the amniotic fluid. The circulatory system is also operating now. The chances of a miscarriage at this stage is greatly reduced.
You may be beginning to feel fetal movements known as quickening. The sensation feels much like flutters in your abdomen. Your waist is thickening and your breasts may be becoming quite large. The area around the nipple (the areola) may be becoming a much darker shade.
The baby is now rolling, sucking his thumb or hand, kicking and learning to swallow. He is gulping amniotic fluid.
You may notice that your blood vessels have become more prominent. You now have up to 20% more blood volume in your body to support the growing baby inside you. The top of the uterus now reaches your belly button. The baby weighs about 9 ounces and may be up to 6 inches long. The uterus is now egg shaped. You're halfway there!
The fetus is now growing a waxy coating called vernix. This coating protects the skin and allow for easier delivery. You will want to sign up for childbirth classes. These classes fill up very quickly, so enroll early. You will want to contact the local hospital for a tour and some even provide classes for siblings!
You will notice that your breathing may be becoming deeper. Your bodys demand for more oxygen to supply both you and the baby is the cause. Practice deep breathing and relaxation now.
Your baby is now about 1 pound in weight. His body is now proportioned to his head like a newborn. He is steadily gaining weight. The baby can make a fist and punch the uterine wall.
Your baby now measures about 8 inches from crown to rump. The baby can hear your voice from within the womb now. He also hears your heartbeat. He may startle at sudden loud noises, flailing his arms and legs. Your doctor may order a glucose screening between now and 28 weeks.
Nearly half of all women experience heartburn around the 25th week. Eating smaller meals and resting in a semi-upright position may help to alleviate these symptoms. You may also feel a rhythmic jumping in your abdomen. No need to worry, your baby probably has the hiccups.
At this point, your baby probably weighs about 11/2 pounds and may be up to 9 inches in length. You will feel his activity, punching, kicking, rolling. He is still in a head up position. So kicking will be felt low in the abdomen and punching, typically in the upper abdomen.
You may have gained between 16 and 22 pounds now. You may see red streaks on your tummy or breasts. These may be stretch marks. Using a vitamin E ointment or cocoa butter lotion may be helpful.
Fine downy hair covers the babys body. The baby may be 91/2 inches now and up to 3 pounds in weight. She can hear your voice clearly now and will recognize it immediately after birth. Her heart beats faster when she hears your voice. She may even dance to music you play for her.
The fetus will double or triple its weight between now and birth. The space in the uterus is becoming tighter and tighter. Your blood volume now is up by almost 3 quarts. Your heart is working harder too.
You will feel the stretching of ligaments, which can often be felt as back pain. The baby now has eyelashes and hair. You may be experiencing rehearsal contractions called Braxton-Hicks contractions.
Time to practice relaxation breathing with Braxton-Hicks contractions. Your baby can see the light through the walls of the womb. He practices blinking. This is a good time to Choose a Pediatrician , pre-register at the hospital and make birthing decisions. See Decisions to be Made.
Many babies have inverted to a head down position in the uterus now. Those who have not will likely turn in the coming weeks. You will know when your baby has turned when you feel powerful kicks under your rib cage and the hard ball of the babys head on the pelvic floor. The baby now measures about 11 inches from crown to rump and weighs a little over 4 pounds.
You are gaining about a pound a week now. Most of that weight is going to the baby. A dark line may appear below your navel. This is where the muscles have stretched. It will disappear after birth.
Time to Pack for Labor and Delivery. You may be growing impatient to see your little bundle of joy. You may also be experiencing more lengthy and powerful Braxton-Hicks contractions.
A baby born after 32 weeks has an excellent chance of survival. At 35-36 weeks, your baby may weight nearly 6-7 pounds and may be up to 18 inches long.
Your babys toenails have reached the tips of his toes. The mature umbilical cord is about 20 inches long. The uterus is now just at your rib cage. Breathing may be difficult. Also, smaller and more frequent meals may be necessary as the stomach has little room now. When the babys head engages in the pelvis, referred to as drops you will have some relief from these symptoms.
The babys nervous system is maturing for birth. The babys head may have dipped or dropped into your pelvis, alleviating the shortness of breath symptom. A baby at 37-38 weeks is considered full term. He or she could be born anytime. You will experience more Braxton-Hicks contractions and you may wonder, Is this it? See Its Time for more details.
The baby is now ready for birth. The downy hair and vernix has just about disappeared, swallowed by the baby. This and other matter remains in the babys bowels until the first bowel movement after birth called meconium. Meconium is a tar like substance excreted by the baby after birth. The baby has very little room to move around now. You will still feel movement, but not the active kicking and punching of earlier.
If you have not yet delivered, firm up your plans. Some women experience nesting just prior to their babys delivery. Nesting is a sudden burst of energy that often compels the mother-to-be to clean and prepare for the babys arrival. Have you decided whether or not to circumcise a boy? Have you chosen a Pediatrician? Have you decided to Breast-feed or Bottle-feed? Have you chosen a name for your baby? See Decisions to be made.
Do not worry if you have not yet delivered. Only 5% are on time. Although anticipation may be overwhelming, try to rest as much as possible. It won't be long before you are holding your baby in your arms. Watch for symptoms that you might be in labor (Its Time). A baby ready for birth weighs anywhere between 6 and 11 or more pounds. Your partner may be able to hear the babys heartbeat right through the uterine wall.