UNDER 1 Year of Age
Please note: emergency procedures for a choking child (over 1 yr. of age) are different.
Choking happens when any substance obstructs the windpipe. If the baby is able to cry or cough, usually they are able to work it out on their own.
Never pound a babys back when he is trying to work it out on his own.
It is when the child is unable to cry or cough and his face turns
from bright red to blue that choking becomes life threatening.
STEP 1 - CONSCIOUS BABY
- Check for cough or crying
- If infant is unable to cough or cry:
1. Have someone Call for help (911)
2. Lay the child down, face up, on a firm surface and kneel or
stand at the victim's feet, or hold infant on your lap facing away from you.
3. Place the middle and index fingers of both your hands below
his rib cage and above his navel.
4. Press into the victim's upper abdomen with a quick upward
thrust; do not squeeze the rib cage. Be very gentle.
5. Repeat until object is expelled.
6. If the Victim has not recovered, proceed with CPR.
7. The Victim should see a physician immediately after rescue.
Don't slap the victim's back. (This could make matters worse.)
STEP 1 - UNCONSCIOUS INFANT
- Place infant on a flat surface, lift jaw, look in mouth.
- Finger sweep to remove a seen object. Be careful not to push object further into
STEP 2 - OPEN THE AIRWAY
- Head tilt/Chin lift
- Seal your lips over nose and mouth of the infant and give 2 puffs of air from your cheeks.
Be careful not to give breaths as in an older child or adult. The infants lungs could burst.
STEP 3 - CHECK BREATHING LOOK - LISTEN - FEEL
- Look, for the chest rising and falling
- Listen, for the exchange of air by putting your ear to the mouth of the Infant
- Feel, for breath on your cheek or the feel of the chest rising and falling
- If Breathing is present - Maintain airway
- If air will not go in - Reposition airway and try giving 2 puffs again.
- If air will still not go in Go to STEP 4
- Give 5 back blows, then give up to 5 chest thrusts
- Check the Childs mouth for foreign object
- Attempt to give breaths again
Repeat Until successful or until help arrives.
- Dial 911 if you have not already done so.
- Continue efforts until infant is breathing on his own or until help arrives.
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